The **Harris–Benedict equation** (also called the **Harris-Benedict principle**) is a method
used to estimate an individual's basal metabolic rate (BMR) and daily kilocalorie requirements. The
estimated BMR value is multiplied by a number that corresponds to the individual's activity level.
The resulting number is the recommended daily kilocalorie intake to maintain current body weight.

The Harris–Benedict equation may be used to assist weight loss — by reducing kilocalorie intake number below the estimated maintenance intake of the equation.

The original Harris–Benedict equations published in 1918 and 1919.^{[1]}^{[2]}

BMR calculation for men (metric) | BMR = 66.5 + ( 13.75 x weight in kg ) + ( 5.003 x height in cm ) – ( 6.755 x age in years ) |

BMR calculation for men (imperial) | BMR = 66 + ( 6.2 x weight in pounds ) + ( 12.7 x height in inches ) – ( 6.76 x age in years ) |

BMR calculation for women (metric) | BMR = 655.1 + ( 9.563 x weight in kg ) + ( 1.850 x height in cm ) – ( 4.676 x age in years ) |

BMR calculation for women (imperial) | BMR = 655.1 + ( 4.35 x weight in pounds ) + ( 4.7 x height in inches ) - ( 4.7 x age in years ) |

The Harris–Benedict equations revised by Roza and Shizgal in 1984.^{[3]}

Men | BMR = 88.362 + (13.397 x weight in kg) + (4.799 x height in cm) - (5.677 x age in years) |

Women | BMR = 447.593 + (9.247 x weight in kg) + (3.098 x height in cm) - (4.330 x age in years) |

The 95% confidence range for men is ±213.0 kcal/day, and ±201.0 kcal/day for women.

The following table enables calculation of an individual's recommended daily kilocalorie intake to
maintain current weight.^{[4]}

Little to no exercise | Daily kilocalories needed = BMR x 1.2 |

Light exercise (1–3 days per week) | Daily kilocalories needed = BMR x 1.375 |

Moderate exercise (3–5 days per week) | Daily kilocalories needed = BMR x 1.55 |

Heavy exercise (6–7 days per week) | Daily kilocalories needed = BMR x 1.725 |

Very heavy exercise (twice per day, extra heavy workouts) | Daily kilocalories needed = BMR x 1.9 |

The Harris–Benedict equation sprang from a study by James Arthur Harris and Francis Gano Benedict,
which was published in 1919 by the Carnegie Institution for Science|Carnegie Institution of
Washington in the monograph A Biometric Study Of Basal
Metabolism In Man. A 1984 revision improved its accuracy. Mifflin
et al. published an equation more predictive for modern lifestyles in 1990.^{[5]}^{[6]} Later work produced BMR estimators that accounted for lean
body mass.

- ↑ A Biometric Study of Human Basal
Metabolism. J. Arthur Harris and Francis G. Benedict.
*Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences*. Vol. 4, No. 12 (December 1918): 370–373. - ↑
*A Biometric Study of Basal Metabolism in Man*. J. Arthur Harris and Francis G. Benedict. Washington, DC: Carnegie Institution, 1919. - ↑ The Harris Benedict equation reevaluated. A.M. Roza and H.M. Shizgal. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Vol. 40, No. 1 (July 1984): 168-182.
- ↑ Harris Benedict formula for women and men. GottaSport.com. Retrieved on 2011-10-27.
- ↑ http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2305711
- ↑ http://ajcn.nutrition.org/content/51/2/241.abstract